Juline Beaujouan and Amjed Rasheed
Dr. Beaujouan is a research associate at the Political Settlement Research Programme, University of Edinburgh, and at the Directorate of Research and Scientific Development (DRSD), Newroz University. She is also a research fellow at the Institute for Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies (IMEIS) and the HH Sheikh Nasser al-Mohammed al-Sabah Programme, Durham University. Dr. Rasheed is a lecturer at the Eberhard Karls Institute of Political Science, University of Tubingen, and a visiting fellow at IMEIS and the HH Sheikh Nasser al-Mohammed al-Sabah Programme. He is also a research associate at DRSD, Newroz University.
This paper investigates the implications and impact of the Syrian refugees on Lebanon and Jordan. Using a multidisciplinary approach, it critically analyses the effect of the crisis at three different levels: government, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and community-based organizations (CBOs), and society. At the state level, although Jordan and Lebanon exhibited similar policy shift toward the Syrian refugees, the confessional divides and decentralized nature of the political system posed further challenges to the country of cedars. At the NGO level, while the refugee crisis gave birth to an innovative 3RP, the lack of coordination between the international and the domestic stakeholders impeded the efficiency of the relief. Finally, the demographic pressure inexorably led to an increased demand for public services, infrastructures, and jobs. As such, the crisis exacerbated vulnerabilities for the poorest segments of the Jordanian and Lebanese populations, deepened the divide between refugee and host communities, and aggravated the distrusts in the governments. This paper sheds light on the reality and consequences of humanitarian crises in developing countries. In concludes by suggesting some lessons learned and ways forward for the future of conflict mitigation.
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