Turkey’s Battle with Covid-19: A Multifaceted Investigation
Ahmet Erdi Öztürk, Taptuk Emre Erkoc, Salih Dogan
Dr. Öztürk is an assistant professor at London Metropolitan University. Dr. Erkoc is an independent researcher. Mr. Dogan is a PhD candidate at Keele University.
COVID-19, overtaking the world in a dramatic burst, has had disparate impacts on countries based on regime type, economic force and measures adopted to counter its spread. This divergence in action led to the formation of opposing views about which regime type, and the manner in which economic models, would best handle the crisis. This article examines the case of Turkey, an exceptional example in terms of adopted measures, domestic political balances, economic elements and foreign policy. The article’s fundamental argument is that, de-spite the fragility of its economy and its failure to choose a serious course of action in com-batting COVID-19, Turkey embodies a success story because of the strength of its healthcare system and its cultural codes of life, and it became exceptional around the world through its instrumentalization of this in foreign policy.
Keeping the Soldiers at Bay: Coup-Proofing Strategies in Turkey
Murat Ülgül and Sertif Demir
Dr. Ülgül is an associate professor in the Department of International Relations at Karadeniz Technical University; Dr. Demir is an economist and military specialist at the University of the Turkish Aeronautical Association in Ankara.
Military coups cause numerous security problems but most importantly threaten the survival of civilian regimes. As a result, governments adopt coup-proofing strategies which encompass a wide variety of military, political, economic, or social measures to prevent military coups. This article analyzes Turkish civil-military relations by comparing the Turkish government’s coup-proofing strategies before and after the Justice and Development Party (JDP) came to power in November 2002. With the help of several variables in the literature, we will focus on whether or not coup-proofing strategies have been implemented in Turkey; if yes, which measures have been applied; and with how much success. We find that without adopting several coup-proofing strategies at the same time, Turkish governments have had a difficult time in preventing ambitious soldiers from interfering in politics. The recent failed coup attempt and the subsequent change in the JDP’s coup-proofing policies are illustrative in this regard.
Who Defeated ISIS? The Pentagon’s War Maps
Brian Glyn Williams
Dr. Williams is a professor of Islamic History at the University of Massachusetts-Dartmouth and formerly worked for the CIA’s Counterterrorism Center. He is author of seven books on warfare, terrorism and ethnicity in the Islamic world, which can be found at his website brianglynwilliams.com, including Counter Jihad: The American Military Experience in Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria.