Dr. Verma is associate professor at the College of International Relations, Huaqiao University, China; head of research at Intellisia Institute, China; and adjunct professor, Department of International Studies, Far Eastern University, Manila. He is the author of India and China in Africa: A Comparative Perspective of the Oil Industry, Routledge 2017, and is working on the book project India, China, Pakistan and Terrorism.
The intra-Afghan dialogue stalled despite hectic diplomatic efforts by the United States, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Russia, and other countries to revitalize the dialogue and reach a political settlement before Western troops left Afghanistan. This article argues that there were three main reasons for disagreement between the Afghan government and the Taliban, and these issues remained a major stumbling block in the peace process and will prevent lasting peace. First, the Taliban were unwilling to reduce violence or declare a “permanent and comprehensive ceasefire,” as stated in the US-Taliban peace deal. Second, the Taliban would not accept Afghanistan's democratic political system and insisted on establishing an “Islamic Emirate.” The group also showed its reluctance to respect women's rights and advances made with respect to their social position. Third, the Taliban consistently refused to respect ethnic and religious tolerance of minorities, especially the Shia Hazara. The Hazara have declared that they will take up arms to protect themselves against the Taliban's return to power in Kabul, which does not bode well for peace and stability in Afghanistan.
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