Church leaders represent an important constituency for peace. Recently a letter was sent to members of the U.S. Congress signed by 15 Protestant and Catholic authority figures asking that Israel be treated like other countries that receive aid from American tax payers. They say they want to see that aid “is not being used to continually violate the human rights of other people.” Recently, Egypt and the Palestinian Authority have been held to account by Congress, and this letter demands the same of Israel. Jewish groups responded with charges of “anti-Zionism,” conflating this political term with the religious charge of “anti-Semitism.” We are publishing the two letters to publicize this debate, which usually goes on behind closed doors. It is particularly important in an election year, given the one-sided rhetoric from both campaigns.