On the evening of July 15, 2016, elements of the Turkish military attempted to overthrow the Turkish government of democratically-elected President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (1954- ) whose roots were in political Islam.
In modern Turkish and Kurdish studies in the last two decades, there has been a wide selection of research on topics such as Turkish secularism and nationalism, Turkish political Islam and conservatism, Kurdish insurgency and political violence, the Turkish Left and Kurdish nationalism, and Turki
Turkey has begun military operations against Kurdish YPG militia fighters it accuses of supporting the outlawed Kurdistan Worker’s Party (PKK). The move comes after the U.S.
The Kurds, who are often referred to as the world's "largest stateless" nation, have rebelled numerous times in the past century against repressive and assimilationist policies in four key Middle Eastern states: Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria.