Dr. Yazdi, a pharmacologist, university professor and political activist, served as deputy prime minister and foreign minister under the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, resigning in protest during the hostage crisis of November 1979. He served in the Majlis (parliament) 1980-84 and is now secretary general in the opposition political party, the Liberation Movement of Iran. He shared his views with the Middle East Policy Council as a private citizen.
Dr. Perry is the U.S. Secretary of Defense. The following remarks were made on December 7, 1994, in the Dirksen Senate Office Building in Washington, D.C., at a conference sponsored by the Middle East Policy Council. The conference was the sixth in a series of Council conferences dealing with Middle East topics (see previous issues of this journal for the proceedings).
This interview with the head of state of the Sultanate of Oman was conducted in writing during the last week in January 1995 by Anne Joyce, editor of Middle East Policy.
The year 1994 was a rough year for Saudi Arabia: it ran a budget deficit of over $10 billion in a year when it had hoped to balance the budget, had to negotiate extended payments on a number of key contracts, and entered the new year of 1995 by announcing higher prices on a number of necessities.
While it is generally known that the Middle East is a repository of the largest reserves of oil in the world, knowledge of the ways this oil is exported to reach its ultimate consumers is rather limited or restricted to the professionals in the oil industry, certain government and military agencies, and a small number of specialized scholars and economists.
Selected papers from a conference in Kuwait, October 22-23, 1994, sponsored by the General Secretariat of the Gulf Cooperation Council and the National Bank of Kuwait.
Since the mid-1980s, the global financial community has witnessed an unprecedented explosion of cross-border capital flows, as new financial instruments have been created and competition among borrowers, lenders and financial intermediaries has increased. Over the last decade, private-equity investing has changed from being a rather marginal source of foreign capital in the developing world to becoming one of the most important sources of capital available, replacing official (i.e., government, World Bank, IMF) grants and loans as well as commercial bank borrowing.
Mr. Khazen is the editor of al-Hayat, an internationally circulated Arabic-language daily published in London. The following interview was conducted on October 14, 1994, at Mr. Khazen's office in the Hammersmith district of London by Roger Gaess, a free-lance journalist based in New York.
Can the Syrian Baath regime survive a peace with Israel?
The peace agreement between the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the State of Israel signed on October 26, 1994, may be less a long-overdue triumph of the forces of reason and reconciliation than simply a capitulation by the weaker party. While most Jordanians are sincerely interested in peace with the Jewish state, it appears that King Hussein was essentially forced by the Clinton administration to accept terms which may eventually place the entire peace process in jeopardy.
On October 26, 1994, the prime ministers of Jordan and Israel signed a treaty of peace ending a state of war that had lasted for nearly half a century. Article 6 and Annex II of the treaty addressed one of the most contentious aspects of the Israeli-Jordanian relationship: water.
This book is predicated on the belief that a thriving civil society is a necessary but not sufficient requirement for the emergence of democracy.
Avi Shlaim, author of the masterly Collusion Across the Jordan (1988), has written a short history of Western interven
This scholarly work by
Palestinians today are fleeing Israeli oppression-and seeking statehood-on two paths, the Islamic and the Nationalist.
Gilles Kepel is a Fr
The Middle East has a limited supply of water. The countries of the region are making increased demands upon that supply.
For those wishing to glean meaningful information about the role of communications prior to and during Iran's tumultuous revolution, this is an outstanding book
This book is a remarkable record of the 48 years Charles Arnot spent as an American journalist covering every
First published in England in 1991 to considerable acclaim, Roxane Zand's translation of Simin Daneshvar's first novel (written in 1969-the first by any Iranian