Professor Akbarzadeh is deputy director of the Alfred Deakin Institute for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia. Research on this topic was funded by the Qatar National Research Fund (NPRP grant 6-028-5-006). The statements made herein are solely the responsibility of the author. The author wishes to thank Fatemeh Nejati and Dara Conduit for their role in researching this paper.
Middle East Policy is fully accessible through the Wiley Online Library
Click below to subscribe to the online or print edition of Middle East Policy and gain access to all journal content.