Tunisia's Political Crisis
April 22, 2022: Saied took control of Tunisia's electoral commission, announcing plans to replace most of the current members.
April 1, 2022: Tunisian anti-terrorism police summoned over 30 opposition leaders such as Rached Ghannouchi of the Ennahdha party for questioning.
March 30, 2022: Saied announces that he is dissolving the country’s parliament. This move came shortly after parliament voted for a bill opposing Saied’s unilateral measures during a virtually-held session.
January 1- March 20, 2022: Tunisian citizens are being called to participate in the reform process by electronically submitting policy suggestions pertaining to political, economic, social and other constitutional policies.
October 11, 2021: Saied approved Romdhane’s new government selections, which include several familiar faces. Some include: Interior Minister Taoufik Charfeddine, previously interior minister; Foreign Minister Othman Jerandi, previously interim foreign minister; Finance Minister Sihem Boughdiri, previously interim finance minister; and Justice Minister Leila Jaffel, previously minister of state properties and land affairs under the Hichem Mechichi government.
September 29, 2021: Saied appointed Najla Bouden Romdhane, an engineer and geology professor, as the country’s new Prime Minister.
September 11, 2021: Saied stated his desire and alleged ability to unilaterally amend the 2014 Tunisian constitution.
August - September, 2021: Saied continued to dismiss members of government. In some cases, such as that of Chawki Tabib, former anti-corruption committee head, Saied did not follow constitutional procedures. In this instance, Saied did not provide a copy of the justified order prior to placing Tabib under house arrest.
July 27 - 28, 2021: Saied dismissed more top officials as well as the CEO of Wataniya, Tunisia’s major national television channel.
July 26, 2021: Saied removed Minister of Defense Ibrahim Bartagi and Acting Minister of Justice Hasna Ben Slimane.
July 25, 2021: Tunisian protesters took the streets, calling for the removal of the Prime Minister and the halt of parliament. Their disapproval stemmed from a poor COVID-19 response, a collapsing healthcare system and consequential economic decline, including high unemployment rates and fewer state services.
President Kais Saied responded by suspending parliament and the immunity of parliamentary members. Saied also removed the Prime Minister and the Minister of Interior Hichem Mechichi. Saied legally validated his decision making by citing Article 80 of the Tunisian constitution, which allows the president to take additional measures if the country is “in a state of imminent danger.”
Potential Additional Reform:
June 2022: Saied plans to select a committee of political and legal experts responsible for drafting Tunisia’s 2022 constitution.
July 25, 2022: Saied scheduled an official constitutional referendum exactly one year after he unilaterally suspended parliament.