• The New Arab Uprisings: Lessons from the Past
    Marina Ottaway and David Ottaway

    A second wave of uprisings broke out in Algeria, Sudan, Lebanon and Iraq during 2019 and gives no sign of abating. There is no doubt it will have important repercussions for the affected countries, just as the first wave did.


Iran after Khamenei: Prospects for Political Change
Saeid Golkar

In 2018, after the suppression of the Green Movement following the disputed presidential election of 2009, Iran witnessed another wave of uprisings.

Russia in Syria: An Unequivocal Return to the Middle East?
Robert Mason

This article argues that President Putin's securitization agenda stems from the second Chechen War and is far more pragmatic concerning Russian engagement in the Middle East than former Soviet policies. 

Turkey and Syria: When "Soft Power" Turned Hard
Jeremy Salt

The onset of the so-called Arab Spring in late 2010 took governments around the world by surprise, and Turkey's Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi, AKP) government was no exception.