The shooting war in Iraq lasted a mere three weeks. As usual (see Panama, Grenada, Iraq I, Afghanistan), the First World trounced the Third, losing fewer than 150 combatants; Iraqi dead, officially uncounted, number approximately 10,000.
If the Muslim states and peoples had relied on Islam and its inherent capabilities and powers instead of depending on the East (the Soviet Union) and the West, and if they had placed the enlightened and liberating precepts of the Quran before their eyes and put them into practice, then they would not today be captive slaves of the Zionist aggressors, terrified victims of the America
Samuel Huntington’s 1993 article “The Clash of Civilizations?” and his subsequent book The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order (1996) may seem prescient at first glance.
With its vast oil deposits and a Francophone intellectual and ruling elite devoted to reshaping the state along
In the contemporary period, this widely accepted notion of the defensive jihad was first put to the test in Afghanistan in the 1980s. After the Soviets invaded Afghanistan in 1979 to prop up a failing communist government, Islamic scholars throughout the Muslim world called for jihad.
DOMESTIC INTEREST GROUPS IN U.S. SANCTIONS POLICY
Special-interest groups – business associations, ethnic-based or religious groups – play a central role in the American political system.
Within the discipline of sociology and the field of international relations is found a longstanding proposition that regimes in trouble at home create enemies abroad. The idea is that external conflict leads to internal cohesion.
The following is an edited transcript of the thirty-second in a series of Capitol Hill conferences convened by the Middle East Policy Council. The meeting was held on April 11, 2003, in the Dirksen Senate Office Building with Chas. W. Freeman, Jr., moderating.
In the twenty-first century, going to war entails not merely strategic calculations but normative ones as well.
More than two decades after its victory, Iran’s Islamic revolution has resulted in profound theoretical and theological consequences for Shiite political thought.
Some 14.4 to 15.6 million Iraqis – 60-65 percent of a population of approximately 24 million people – practice Shia Islam, and for many years this sector of Iraqi society faced severe repression from the Baathist regime. From the 1970s onward, some Shia were jailed and executed, and others were forcibly exiled. Iraqi Shia participated in an unsuccessful uprising against the regime in 1991, which only worsened their situation.
No issue in current international politics has stirred more partisan fervor than the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and writing on this subject tends to reflect this.
The new edition of Muhammed-Ali Zainy’s The Iraqi Economy under Saddam Hussein: Development or Decline is composed of two sections.
The Druze community in Israel is unique among the Palestinian Arab population for its wholehearted cooperation with the Jewish state, to the extent that it voluntarily subjects its male population to universal military conscription in th
A growing body of literature views cultural politics – a process of conflict over cultural norms and symbols – as inseparable from sexual politics – women’s struggle for power and authority at domestic, community, national a