• Turkish-Syrian border
    Turkey and Syria: When "Soft Power" Turned Hard
    Jeremy Salt

    The onset of the so-called Arab Spring in late 2010 took governments around the world by surprise, and Turkey's Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi, AKP) government was no exception.



Deep States in MENA
Robert Springborg

Various publications then sought to define the term "deep state," generally agreeing that it originated in Turkey, where "secretive conspiracies hatched in the corridors of power and removed from the democratic process shadow the nation's politics

Why Was Muammar Qadhafi Really Removed?
Christopher M. Davidson

In the wake of the "Arab Spring" revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt in late 2010 and early 2011, the conventional narrative, at least in the Western media, soon became one of an unstoppable tidal wave of emancipation. 

The Balfour Declaration a Century Later: Accidentally Relevant
Ian S. Lustick

As with every anniversary associated with the Arab-Israeli conflict, one side's celebration is the other side's occasion for mourning and protest.